5th ISBMUN Conference
Day 1 : Human Right Abuse in Prisons
Prisons were created to punish those who have failed to exist as law-abiding, respectful, and well integrated citizens of a society. But do these people, no matter the atrocity of the crimes they have committed, deserve to be deprived of their basic rights as human beings? It is high time that the grim reality of the abuse of basic human rights in prisons be brought to mainstream attention, to be discussed and resolved. Rape, extortion, and other outbursts of violence against prisoners often goes unchecked in prisons and legal detainment centres. This issue mainly arises due to inconsistency in rehabilitation of laws and regulations regarding lawful punishment, presence of corruption and criminality amongst those the public entrusts with the responsibility of ensuring public safety and security, downright negligence in terms of health, inmate violence and the like. There is also a clear difference in the way prisoners are treated due to disparity in their wealth and position in society, as we see in many reported cases of rich inmates with political influence and contacts being treated very, despite being indicted of horrendous acts like rape, trafficking, treason etc. The low propensity of the felons for acting in accordance with the rules, and obvious hierarchical nature prevalent in prisons make it all the more easier for the abuse of human rights by the judicial system. Human rights abuse in prisons is an issue that has been present since the formation of basic structure and rules to define a society, subsequent to civilization and modernization of human beings.Even though this issue is gaining traction and is being reported in the media, there is a distinct lack of action. The evident, yet often overlooked thought process of resolving these human rights violations which involves questioning the foundation of the laws pertaining to national and domestic security must be brought into the limelight and discussed by the nation leaders, rather than just the common public. We have to properly address this concerning situation and recognize the various short-comings and faults existing in the system, and amend them.
Day 2 : The Eritrea Report
The near 30 decade governance under the Eritrean president has been under intense scrutiny for several human rights violations, and its authoritarian, near dictatorial nature. The militarisation of the country, and indefinite conscription of the civilians for the supposed protection of the country against the threat posed by its neighbour, Ethiopia, have been the major concern in relation with the human rights violation
reports. The governments of Eritrea and Ethiopia commenced diplomatic relations in July 2018 when they signed a Joint Declaration of Peace and Friendship to end the continued border dispute. But this, as many had hoped, did not bring any change or improvement in the human rights situation. If anything, they had worsened. With minimal to absolutely no freedom of expression in the country, the civilians cannot appeal for help, nor can they even begin to mobilise support in order to ensure their basic human rights that are clearly being violated by the very system responsible for making their lives safer and more secure. Mandatory military conscriptions being indefinite, some even as long as ten years, are subject to extremely hostile and violent conditions, driving thousands of Eritreans into exile and forcing them to seek asylum in neighboring countries. The serious human rights abuse and violence (such as imprisonment, forced conscription, torture, sexual abuse etc.) underwent by those seeking asylum via crossing the borders were a topic of great controversy and concern. However the movement of people across borders came to a stop in early 2019, when Eritrea closed their border points. The rest of the world, and the neighbouring countries must work with each other and with the UN to emancipate the country from its present governing system, and bring about changes to present opportunities to the citizens to save themselves from their extremely oppressive environment, and eventually help the country develop a flourishing economy.